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"Urine Spraying ~ Marking in Cats"
I don't know of any problem in cats that can turn owner-cat relationships "sour" faster than urine marking. At least four or five times a week, I have a distressed cat owner either post a question on the bulletin board or come into the office "begging" for solutions. My gosh, I have even seen it darn near cause a divorce! Urine spraying constitutes 44% of all housesoiling complaints; the frequency of spraying in single cat households is approximately 25% and near to 100% in multi-cat households with over ten cats. With those staggering statistics in mind, we better get underway finding out why they do it and then look at how to solve the problem...
First, you have to decide: Is it normal urination outside of the litterbox or is it spraying?
Consider the history of the problem...
Which cat is doing it? Many times in multi-cat households the owners can't tell which cat is the culprit. This may be determined by isolating individual cats a few days at a time or administering an oral fluorescine dye and examining the urine marked areas with a black light. Fluorescine dye causes the urine to fluoresce under black light making it easy to identify the proper cat.
Next how long it has been occurring? A one-time occurrence you will probably ignore. If it has been going on for five years it may be near to impossible to stop. Just because you bought a new carpet or home doesn't mean much to a Kitty who is not trained to use the litter box.
Lastly, you need to evaluate the "type" of urination that is occurring. Is the cat just avoiding or missing the litter box? This is not marking. Look at the image below of a cat in a normal urination position. Notice that the cat almost assumes a sitting position. The rear legs are bowed out slightly and the tail is held rigidly - usually in a rearward position. THIS IS NOT SPRAYING OR MARKING. This is normal urination.
On the other hand, when marking, short spurts of urine are forcefully ejected on vertical surfaces like chair or table legs, walls, windows and drapes as seen below. On occasion, specific items like pillows, a single persons dirty clothes or favorite chair is singled out. Look at the posture. The cat is standing and twitches the near vertical tail and sometimes paws at the floor with the back paws. THIS IS URINE MARKING OR SPRAYING.
It also helps to determine where it is occurring.
Urine spraying occurs near doors or windows where cats can see outdoors, especially when strange cats are hanging around outside.
On other occasions, items belonging to a certain individual are singled out and sprayed. These objects are associated with a less than pleasurable experience for the cat. Marking can be an expression of anger, stress or frustration!
Looking at this information, we should be able to tell whether the Kitty is simply urinating outside of the litterbox or if it is truly marking~spraying.
Some facts and reasons for urine spraying...
Urine spraying constitutes 44% of all the housesoiling complaints in cats.
It is quite normal behavior for the cat - it is just that we humans can't handle the smell and mess.
Most often it is sexually related - Tomcats spray during mating season or some queens do so to attract males during estrus.
may scent mark or spray when:
Urine Marking relates to "Stress"!
Cats do not like change. Change causes severe stress in cats.
If cats feel stressed or insecure they spray!
The Remedies - Alter the response or modify the stimulus for spraying...
drugs such as Valium
Drugs work best if used after removing the inciting factors.
New Cat Introductions
Old Cat Moved to
An Innovative Treatment Aid for Urine Spraying - "Feliway" Pheromone Spray"
I always try to save the best for last. Hope you are still with me because this is a truly novel cure for urine marking in cats!
"Feliway" is a spray that mimics the facial pheromones of cats.
A pheromone is a chemical substance secreted by animals to confirm territory and communicate with external others.
Feline "facial pheromones" are produced by glands located in the cheeks of the cat. When the cat applies these pheromones to surfaces it makes those areas familiar and comforting. Facial pheromones are happy - secure odors for cats!
Have you ever noticed a cat rubbing its' face on an object? How about your pant legs? He/she was marking you with contentment and happiness. Those so marked are loved and the cat has marked that they belong to them!
VERY IMPORTANT! Facial pheromones are known to inhibit urine marking when applied to an area previously marked.
"Feliway" Spray Makes Your Kitty Happy and Secure
Uses of "Feliway"
To stop urine
To stop sexually
excited cats from marking
NOTE: Never use bleach or ammonia for cleanup of urine It can increase marking! Use a mild detergent followed with a vinegar/water rinse.
Other Uses for
Remember: To a cat change = Stress >> Facial Pheromones = Security/Comfort >> "Feliway Mimicks Facial Pheromones
Let us know of your experiences using "Feliway"
The "Ideal" LOL LOL LOL
Have A Nice Weekend ~~ Later, Dr Dan